Additional Relevant Publications

Real-Time Label-Free Direct Electronic Monitoring of Topoisomerase Enzyme Binding Kinetics on Graphene

American Chemical Society Nano, 2015.

Using an enzyme linked to monolayer graphene strips, the authors present a method for studying real-time detection of binding kinetics and enzyme-substrate activity down to picomolar concentrations.

Graphene Transistors with Multifunctional Polymer Brushes for Biosensing Applications

American Chemical Society Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2014.

Graphene transistor functionalized with acetylcholinesterase to detect the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in real time.

Scalable Production of Highly Sensitive Nanosensors Based on Graphene Functionalized with a Designed G Protein-Coupled Receptor

American Chemical Society Nano Letters, 2014.

A graphene-based sensor for opioids using a transistor functionalized with an opioid receptor, and example of how these transistors can be used to study any G protein-coupled receptor.

Single-Molecule Lysozyme Dynamics Monitored by an Electronic Circuit

Science, 2012.

Carbon nanotube transistor covalently attached to a lysozyme enzyme for electronic monitoring of substrate binding over long periods of time.

Origin of Enhanced Stem Cell Growth and Differentiation on Graphene and Graphene Oxide

American Chemical Society Nano, 2011.

Accelerating differentiation of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells by using graphene as a preconcentration platform for osteogenic inducers. Additionally, natural properties of graphene help to suppress or activate different cell lineage pathways.

The Control of Neural Cell-to-Cell Interactions Through Non-contact Electrical Field Stimulation Using Graphene Electrodes

Biomaterials, 2011.

This paper demonstrates control of neural intercellular connections using non-cytotoxic graphene electrical contacts.

Graphene and Nanowire Transistors for Cellular Interfaces and Electrical Recording

American Chemical Society Nano Letters, 2010.

Real time measurement of spontaneously beating embryonic chicken cardiomyocytes yields well-defined extracellular signals with high signal-to-noise ratio.

Electrolyte-Gated Graphene Field-Effect Transistors for Detecting pH and Protein Adsorption

Nano Letters, 2009.

Over 500 citations of this paper investigating electrolyte-gated graphene field-effect transistors (GFETs) for electrical pH sensing.

Detection of Individual Gas Molecules Absorbed On Graphene

Nature Materials, 2007.

Over 4,500 citations of this seminal paper on graphene sensors.